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People with hearing loss might wonder if there is any way to restore their hearing to its original capacity. The short answer is: it depends. There are ear surgeries available to restore hearing if one has specific hearing loss. But only a tiny percentage of people with hearing loss are good candidates for surgery, says the audiologist of Hearing Plus, the best ear aid machine centre in Kolkata.

Sensorineural hearing loss

The most typical kind of hearing loss affecting adults is sensorineural hearing loss. It can happen for various reasons, such as old age, disease and infections, exposure to sudden or persistently loud noise, head or acoustic trauma, tumours, or medicines.

Sensorineural hearing loss signifies the inner ear’s hair cells of the nerve pathways have been damaged. These hair cells found in the cochlea translate vibrations into electrical impulses that are carried to the brain by sensory nerves.

Sensorineural hearing loss is permanent and once damaged, the auditory nerve and cilia cannot be repaired. But, depending on the seriousness of the damage, sensorineural hearing issues can be treated with cochlear implants or hearing aids.

Treatments for hearing loss

Hearing aids

Hearing aids have advanced a lot in the last few years, says the digital ear machine expert. About 80 per cent of hearing loss cases can be treated with hearing aids. Nine out of ten hearing aid users report progress in their quality of life. The use of hearing machines is linked with a reduction in anger, frustration, paranoia and anxiety. It also enhances emotional stability and higher cognitive function.

Cochlear implants

People with severe to profound sensorineural hearing can have partial hearing restored with a cochlear implant. A cochlear implant bypasses the impaired part of the auditory system to stimulate the auditory nerve.

According to the ear aid machine expert, cochlear implant surgery is usually performed outpatient after a thorough diagnosis. This includes an ear test and its anatomy, the auditory system and a comprehensive physical examination to determine the patient’s health. Most surgeons will not conduct a cochlear implant surgery unless the patient has tried hearing aids without benefit. Because this surgery is highly invasive, it is reserved for only the most severe patients. 

Treatment for conductive hearing loss

Conductive hearing issue occurs when there is an obstruction or impairment to the outer or middle ear. It stops sound from being conducted to the inner ear. Conductive hearing loss can be temporary or permanent. It depends on the cause and sometimes, medical or surgical intervention can restore hearing.

Surgery can correct conductive hearing loss due to malformation, congenital absence, dysfunction of the middle ear structures, otosclerosis, or the congenital absence of ear canal or failure of the ear canal to be open at birth. Amplification can be a solution using a bone-conduction hearing aid, a conventional hearing aid, or a surgically implanted osseointegrated device, depending on the status of the hearing nerve.

Contact Hearing Plus, the best ear aid machine centre if you suffer from hearing loss.